The Southern French Nobility and the Albigensian Crusade
The Albigensian campaign used to be known as through Pope blameless III in 1208 opposed to the count number of Toulouse based on the homicide of the papal legate Pierre des Castelnau. The Pope's target used to be to strength the count number and different nobles in Languedoc to do so opposed to the Cathar heretics of their lands, yet finally, the defeat of Catharism within the south of France used to be accomplished during the institution of the Inquisition and the extension of French royal authority to the realm. whereas a few Occitan noble households survived the campaign, others have been destroyed and the behaviour of the crusaders in the direction of the neighborhood the Aristocracy has frequently been considered as particularly arbitrary, unconnected to how those households concerning one another earlier than 1209. This research takes the case of the Trencavel Viscounts of Béziers and Carcassonne, who have been the one participants of the better the Aristocracy to lose their lands to the campaign, and argues that an knowing of ways the Occitan the Aristocracy fared within the campaign years has to be dependent within the context of the politics of the noble society of Languedoc, not just within the 13th century but in addition within the 12th. ELAINE GRAHAM-LEIGH received her Ph.D. from the collage of London.
Albigensian campaign courtroom at Barcelona simply because they might be the easiest gurus for occasions which had taken position at that courtroom long ago. That they themselves wouldn't be capable of take note the purchase of Carcassonne didn't current an issue, as they have been a part of a transmission of an oral culture which used to be as necessary as a reminiscence of an occasion skilled at first-hand. the final tension of the document was once on reminiscence instead of on written facts. The charters recording the purchase.
Departing after the dying of Simon de Montfort.48 Guillaume de Tudela was once additionally in Languedoc in the course of a number of the occasions which he defined; he had left Spain through 1204 on the latest49 and was once residing in Montauban in 1211 and later at Bruniquel.50 either authors have been prepared to offer their money owed as based on trustworthy info and private adventure: Pierre des Vaux acknowledged in his introductory commitment to the Pope that ‘everything is correct that's written the following, as i've got set down not anything which I.
Habeor, seasoned eo maxime quod interfectorem ipsius in magnam familiaritem recepi, merchandise quod Vasionense in line with violentiam abstuli, merchandise quod in religiosas personas magnus violentas injecisse dicor et multas rapinas commisisse.’ PL 216, 91–2: ‘Item praecipio ut haereticos de caetero nullo tempore foveas vel defendas, nec eis unquam praestes consilium vel favorem. merchandise praecipio ut dies Dominicales et Quadragesimae et alios in Lateranensi concilio designatos nullo unquam tempore violes vel ab aliis seasoned.
homes. The legatine reaction to the unhelpful angle of the neighborhood bishops was once frequently their elimination from workplace and substitute with extra congenial prelates; specifically, the alternative of prelates of neighborhood foundation with applicants from the ranks of the legates themselves and their affiliates. Raimond de Rabastens, Bishop of Toulouse, used to be changed in 1205 by way of Foulques, Abbot of Thoronet,138 Berengar Raimond, Bishop of Carcassonne in 1212 through man, Abbot of Vaux-de-Cernay.139 The profession of.
Podem anar, automobile tant es delhiurat qu’intra s’en l’Apostolis.” ’ there is not any research of the Roquefeuil themselves, yet see Bousquet, ‘Le traité d’alliance’, pp. 25–42, at p. 29, notice nine. Their reference to Anduze was once argued specifically by way of E. Martin-Chabot in his translation of Guillaume de Tudela (vol. 2, pp. 57–8, notice 4): their leader connection was once the wedding of Adelaide de Roquefeuil to Bernard d’Anduze in 1156. a few genealogical information regarding the relatives is also gleaned from the.