The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition (A New History of the Peloponnesian War)
Why did the Peace of Nicias fail to reconcile Athens and Sparta? within the 3rd quantity of his landmark four-volume historical past of the Peloponnesian battle, Donald Kagan examines the years among the signing of the peace treaty and the destruction of the Athenian excursion to Sicily in 413 B.C. The critical determine within the narrative is the Athenian baby-kisser and basic Nicias, whose guidelines formed the treaty and whose army ideas performed an immense position within the assault opposed to Sicily.
2 86-293 , 307 �309). 27 five . 30. five . 28As Seager (CQ LXX ( 1 976), 2 54-2 five five ) attempts to do. THE SEPARATE LEAGUE forty three Sparta and their safeguard and su pport of the hot league. the precise second to announce Corinthian club within the Ar provide all iance was once ahead of the convention at Corinth disbanded . Such an motion might motivate others to fol low su it; extra hold up might simply make the Corinth ians seem ridicu lous and lift doubts approximately their seriousness and honesty. The Corin thians d.
Sa).30 This time there has been doubtless the place the military used to be going. while Alcibiades discovered of the Spartan exped i tion , most likely from his Argive connections , he persuaded the Athenians to ship him with 1 , 000 hoplites to guard his Argive allies . three 1 The Argives themselves, having ravaged a 3rd of the Epidaurian lands, withdrew to guard their very own urban . No fight26Nothing within the old proof issues to the resurgence of N icias at this aspect and no historic author speaks of it. 275 . fifty five .
The organization of those males with N icias and with each other see Kagan, Archidamian warfare, 1 sixty nine, 1 79-1 eight 1 , 2 1 eight , 260, 26 1 , 305 , 307, three 1 three . 4°Busolt (GG 1 1 1 : 2 , 1 2 38, n. I ) estimates 4,200 Spartans, approximately 1 , 500 Te geans, and approximately 2 ,000 Arcadians. Henderson (Great struggle, 304) makes essen tially an identical estimate. four 1Thucydides provides us the variety of Boeotian forces, together with five ,000 hop lites. He additionally tells us that Corinth despatched 2 ,000 hoplites. the remaining got here from Phlius,.
that will most likely have introduced forth different democracies i n the Peloponnesus. Defeat, i nstead, badly broken democratic status and weakened the carry of the Peloponnesian democrats on their lonesome states. The conflict, as Busolt says, was once "a flip ing aspect i n the political de velopment of Greece . . . . It brought an oligarchic response which, after many fluctuations, ultimately won dom inion in all of Greece. "73 The Spartans weren't fast to persist with up their victory. The time for the.
questions about the protection supplied by way of his personal peace treaty to help it. He m ust have made a similar issues on the first meeting, yet that they had now not been in a position to win the talk. At this moment assembly he additionally needed to reply to the arguments complex through the advocates of the day trip. we will feel the emphasis that the activists put on a few of their arguments through the quantity and sort of recognition N icias provides to their rebuttal . essentially, the desire to reduction Athens' allies in Sicily performed a.