Exile, Ostracism, and Democracy: The Politics of Expulsion in Ancient Greece
This booklet explores the cultural and political importance of ostracism in democratic Athens. unlike prior interpretations, Sara Forsdyke argues that ostracism used to be essentially a symbolic establishment whose that means for the Athenians was firm either by means of previous studies of exile and through its position as a context for the continued negotiation of democratic values.
The first a part of the e-book demonstrates the robust connection among exile and political energy in archaic Greece. In Athens and somewhere else, elites seized strength by means of expelling their competitors. Violent intra-elite clash of this type was once a hugely volatile kind of "politics that used to be merely quickly checked through a number of makes an attempt at elite self-regulation. a long-lasting method to the matter of exile used to be chanced on basically within the overdue 6th century in the course of a very extreme sequence of violent expulsions. at the moment, the Athenian humans rose up and seized concurrently regulate over judgements of exile and political strength. The shut connection among political energy and the ability of expulsion explains why ostracism was once a vital a part of the democratic reforms.
Forsdyke exhibits how ostracism functioned either as a logo of democratic energy and as a search phrase within the ideological justification of democratic rule. the most important to the author's interpretation is the popularity that ostracism used to be either a remarkably gentle kind of exile and person who used to be on occasion used. via examining the illustration of exile in Athenian imperial decrees, within the works of Herodotus, Thucydides, Plato, Aristotle, and in tragedy and oratory, Forsdyke exhibits how exile served as an enormous time period within the debate in regards to the most sensible type of rule.
Of the preferred revolution of 508/7, while the Athenians en masse asserted their keep an eye on over judgements of exile. extra very important, those provisions have been one more mechanism in which the facility of exile used to be moderated and hence exclusive from intra-elite politics of exile. The provisions for common participation in an ostracism ensured that democratic strength over exile was once exercised simply while a signiﬁcant variety of Athenians suggestion it beneficial. unlike intra-elite politics of exile, the.
Aristotle is hence warranted (Arist. Pol. 1285a32–38):56 fifty four a fraction of a observation on a poem of Alcaeus (cited by means of web page 1955, one hundred eighty) mentions that ‘‘the poem is addressed to at least one Mnamon, who supplied a ship for Myrsilus’s go back. He additionally mentions that Alcaeus doesn't blame [Mnamon] for this.’’ fifty five web page 1955, 179. fifty six See additionally D.L. 1.75, Strabo 13.2.3, Plut. Sol. 14.7. THE POLITICS OF EXILE forty five [An ai˘sumvh th?] is, to talk easily, an elected tyranny. . . . for instance, the Mytileneans.
From the polis. on the trial, Megacles and his descendants have been sentenced to exile in perpetuity (a˘ eiqugia).43 Megacles’ bones have been dug up and ﬂung around the borders of Attica.44 furthermore, a Cretan holy guy, Epimenides, was once known as upon to purify town from the pollution.45 it sounds as if a shrine to Cylon used to be additionally manage at the moment, and it's most likely that the statue of Cylon obvious via Pausanias a few 700 years later used to be a part of this shrine.46 In sum, in utilizing communal.
culture now not since it seventy six Arist. Ath. Pol. 8.5. extra assets for the legislations are Plut. Sol. 20.1; Mor. 823f, 550b–c; Cic. Att. 10.1.2; Gell. 2.12; D.L. 1.58. within the model of the legislations I current above, I go away off the extra word given within the Ath. Pol., ‘‘and shall haven't any proportion within the polis [kai¡ tƒ? po lew? mh¡ mete xeiv].’’ i think that this word was once no longer a part of the unique legislations, yet is Aristotle’s addition and divulges his false impression of the which means of a˘timia within the.
aware of the calls for of the reduce sessions. Solon himself embodied this new quandary by means of seventy nine for instance, a legislation on orphans is attributed to Solon by means of D.L. 1.56 and to Charondas through Diod. Sic. 12.15.1. On legends approximately early lawgivers, see Szegedy-Maszak 1978. eighty Grote (1851, 192–98) equally considered Solon’s reason within the legislation on stasis to be the solution of intra-elite conﬂict and deterrence of coup makes an attempt. Cf. Glotz 1904, 370–71; Lavagnini 1945/46, 23–24; Piccirilli 1976, 759; W. Eder 1986,.